Monday, 29 December 2014

[UPDATED] Should Attempt to SUICIDE be Decriminalized? | GD TOPICS

Main Points :-
  • Attempt to suicide is punishable by a one-year jail term under Section 309 of Indian Penal Code.
  • The person, who attempts suicide feels devastated in life already. If he dies, there is no question of suicide. But if he fails, his life may become more miserable because of punishment. So, there are arguments that section 309 in IPC should be repealed.
  • India has the highest suicide rate in the world after China.
  • After French revolution (1789), many European countries decriminalized attempt to suicide.
  • Attempt to suicide is not a crime in Britain, Sri Lanka, Russia and in some states of USA too.
  • It's a crime in Singapore, Malaysia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and some other countries.
  • In 1971, Law commission of India recommended to repeal sec 309. And the amendment bill was passed by Rajya Sabha in 1978. But the bill was lapsed as Lok Sabha was dissolved in 1979.
  • In P.Rathinam case (1994), Supreme court stated that the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution included the “right not to live a forced life”.
  • In Gian Kaur case (1996), Five judge bench overruled the previous judgement, upholding the validity of Section 309.
  • After the pronouncement of the judgement in Gian Kaur, in 1997, Law commission of India recommended retention of section 309.
  • Again in 2008, Law commission of India recommended to repeal the law.
  • Views of all states and union territories were sought on the recommendations of the Law Commission, because law and order is a state subject. The Law commission's recommendation is supported by 18 states and 4 Union territories.
In Favor :-
  1. It's cruel to punish the person, who is already unable to cope up with his life.
  2. Suicide is a diagnosable mental disorder. World Health Organization has pointed out that criminalizing suicide discourages people from reaching out for medical help and treatment.
  3. If attempt to suicide is a crime, it'll cause a delay in giving treatment to the patients, who fails in suicide attempt as they have to file medico legal case. This will make the victims more traumatized. Sometimes this may lead to loss of valuable lives.
  4. Madya Predesh expressed its concern that if suicide is decriminalized, section 306 may lose it's relevance. (Section 306 - If any person commits suicide, whoever encourages the commission of such suicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.) But even if attempt to suicide is not a crime, those who abets suicide will face punishment. In Gian Kaur case (1996), supreme court stated that, “Section 306 enacted a distinct offence which is capable of existence independent of Section 309”.
  5. Bihar expressed its fear that suicide bombers may take advantage of it to eliminate all the evidences of the criminal. And it also said that criminals may take their own lives, when they caught by police. But these are also minor concerns because there are several anti-terrorism laws, which deal with these kind of issues.
  6. There are arguments that suicide is a individual's choice, hence it should be respected. But the fact is suicide causes a lot of distress to the victim's family members. So it can't be termed as their own personal issue.
  7. There are also arguments that decriminalizing suicide will automatically legalizes Euthanasia. But mercy killing is a very different concept and these two should not be merged. In suicide, no third party is involved. But in euthanasia the third party is crucial. Of course mercy killing should be legalized, but suicide and mercy killing are different.
In Against :-
  1. Criminalizing suicide can act as a deterrent. And if it is decriminalized, the no. of suicides may increase.
  2. In P.Rathinam case (1994), Supreme court stated that the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution included the “right not to live a forced life”.
  3. If suicide is decriminalized, chances of taking advantage of it will be very high, particularly by mother-in-laws or even by children in case of elderly parents.
  4. It'll be taken as advantage by the people, who protest by fast-unto-death.
  5. Those, who attempt suicide because of mental disorders and those, who are having difficulties in life are mixed up under one law.
Some interesting facts :-
  • Globally, a significant historical factor aiding the penal law against suicide was perhaps the condemnation of suicide by institutional Christianity.
  • Manusmriti, a Hindu Scripture mentions that suicide is circumstantially permissible.
  • In ancient Athens, a person who had committed suicide (without the approval of the state) was denied the honors of a normal burial. The person would be buried alone, on the outskirts of the city, without a headstone or marker.
  • A criminal ordinance issued by Louis XIV in 1670 was far more severe in its punishment. The dead person's body was drawn through the streets, face down, and then hung or thrown on a garbage heap. Additionally, all of the person's property was confiscated.
Conclusion :-
Attempt to suicide should be decriminalized as it's not at all right punish the person, who want to quit her life. Instead rehabilitation centers should be set up and counseling or treatment for mental ailments should be given. And separate laws must be there in order to avoid the chances of abuse of section 309's deletion.

Friday, 14 November 2014


Foreign Television Channels are destroying our culture :

In Favour :

  1. We have a rich and diverse culture. But, western culture doesn't have such values and social esteem.
  2. They are spoiling the values and social fabric of Indians.
  3. Few of the programs which Indian television imported from foreign like big boss are only weird showcase of family values and they have no moral and social obligation.

In Against :

  1. Foreign channels are serving good or bad programs based on the viewer demand.
  2. It is matter of personal choice user want to view those programs or not.
  3. Now with new DTH technology User can subscribe the channels as per his wish.
  4. New Televisions have child lock which can give control to parents.
  5. Television is a form of media to create awareness among people and to entertain people. According to me, nothing is affecting our culture. Nobody is responsible for that. Each individual is responsible for his or her success or failure. All the available sources will be a favor or against to us in the way of utilization. If u looks at it in wrong manner, it is against and vice versa. There r many channels such as BBC, DISCOVERY, STAR SPORTS, ESPN, STAR NEWS and many channels which gives us a high standard and gives the information about the nook and corner.

Conclusion :
Foreign channels are only providing the programs. Viewer has full control over he want to see and what he don’t want to see. A more organized regulatory body is required which can take care of obscene and vulgar programs.


Who is responsible for eve TEASING: Boys or Girls:

Favor of (Boys) :

  1. Girls motivate boys with their body language and sometimes their clothes do play role to motivate boys
  2. Most of the times girls don’t react on this kind of activities that might be due to their shy nature but boys get motivated due to such response.
  3. Girls should reply back or report back to police so if anyone doing this kind of activity should be punished.

Against of Boys :

  1. Boys are completely responsible of such kind of acts.
  2. But not all boys are the same. Few boys who are illiterate and low class are mostly doing this kind of activities.

Conclusion :

  • Not always boys are responsible but few times girls are responsible.
  • Government should take strict action against eve teasers.
  • Girls must also raise their voice if someone teases them.


Corruption is main outcome of democracy in India

In Favour :
  1. Democracy provides equality to everyone, from whatsoever background and competency; it makes easier to play around loopholes in India.
  2. Democracy does not play a direct role to promote corruption but it gives power to people who are incapable and have their own aims and selfishness.
  3. In democracy a person is chosen by population. This procedure could be faulty because human being can be motivated trough means of greed or fear.
  4. Democracy leads to vote politics and vote politics leads to the decisions, which are favorable to some groups of society. Such decisions and policies are not good for nation’s growth.

In Against :
  1. The risk of Democracy is a systemic risk; corruption is a personal equation and holds good or bad depending on an individual's and organization’s personal value systems. The two should therefore not be construed/ read as a cause- effect relationship.
  2. Democracy gives choice to people to select leaders. If people choose wrong leaders than democracy cannot be blamed.
  3. Democracy is a beautiful system, where people choose their leader. So responsibility is on shoulders of citizens to choose a right capable leader who can take right and rational decision. More good people should join politics and people should vote right people.

Conclusion :
Democracy doesn’t support corruption at all. But people themselves are greedy and selfish who are motivated for corruption.


Principles of Mahatma Gandhi are they valid today

Background :


The pivotal and defining element of Gandhism is satya. A Sanskrit word usually translated into English as truth. The principle of Satya as espoused by Gandhi needed that Truth must pervade all considerations of politics, ego, society and convention.


Brahmacharya or Celibacy was important to Gandhi for not only purifying himself of any lust and sexual urges, but also to purify his love for his wife as genuine and not an outlet for any turmoil or aggression within his mind.


Ahimsa, or non-violence, was another key tenet of Gandhi's beliefs. He held that total non-violence would rid a person of anger, obsession and destructive impulses.


Gandhi also adopted the clothing style of most Indians in the early 20th century. His adoption of khadi, or homespun cloth, was intended to help eradicate the evils of poverty, social and economic discrimination.


To Gandhi, fasting was an important method of exerting mental control over base desires.


Universalism denotes the ideology that all religions are true and therefore worthy of toleration and respect.

In Favor :

  1. Yes indeed his principles are valid and eternal.
  2. Satya still holds enough respect in human society. People only respect who stay with truth. Even few people sack their integrity for midget profits. But for mental satisfaction and guilt free life one need to stay with truth.
  3. Nonviolence is base of civilized human society. If humans involve in violence then what is difference between humans and animals.
  4. Khadi is for poor and good for economy.
  5. Fasting cleans body.
  6. Religions equality is must for humans to survive in upcoming future.
  7. Principles of gandhi ji are eternal. Those were useful in past and will be valid in future.

In Against :

  1. Satya or truth is not valid in today's capitalist world. A business man can’t speak truth all the time. Even our advertisement hides reality and sells fakeness.
  2. Ahimsa or nonviolence is good till a point. But if you only bear the pain others giving you then it is not justified.
  3. These principles are not valid in present as modern times human made different standards in their societies from the past. In past religions had very powerful influence over society but now religions are eloping.

Conclusion :
Principles of ghandhi ji are universal. It’s just present human society more focusing on the showoff and money. But these principles are eternal.

[UPDATED] YOUTH in INDIA is Becoming Greedy by the Day

Youth in India is becoming greedy by the day :

  1. Youngsters are greedy now. Everyone running behind easy money and don’t want to work hard.
  2. Youngsters have better opportunities compared to past, but young generation is not as hard working now.
  3. Youngsters want to go to abroad and they don’t want to contribute in nation’s growth but want more benefits from government.
  4. Youth don’t want to stay in India; they want to settle abroad.


  1. Ambition is being misunderstood for greediness.
  2. The way youth behaved in last decade in India the way they have worked and shown there qualities made the India one of contenders for next super power.
  3. Due to recent boom in economy youngsters already have easy opportunities so there is no need for them to work hard.

Conclusion :
Youngsters somehow running behind money but there ambitions and dreams are accelerated by their own hard work so they deserve it.


Capital punishment for rapists :


  • Six drunken men were joyriding in a bus last Sunday when they picked up the physiotherapy student and her 28-year-old male companion. They took turns raping her before throwing the pair off the speeding vehicle.
  • During her ordeal, the victim was attacked with an iron rod, causing serious intestinal injuries. Six men have since been arrested.
  • A combination of abusive sexual behavior, a scant fear of the law and India's creaky judicial system encourage such attacks.
  • The number of rape cases in New Delhi has risen by nearly one-fifth to 661 this year from a year ago, according to government figures, the highest among India's big cities.

Favor of Strict laws:

  1. Fear of law: There is no fear of law left in criminals so there is need to make stricter laws in India which will again establish the respect for law in heart and mind of citizens. 
  2. We need even more fearful laws then capital punishment so criminals think twice before such heinous crimes.
  3. Only decent people have any reason to be afraid of the law any more. If there is, in fact, no protection for the law-abiding, then why should we pay taxes for something we do not get? 
  4. All rich people and politicians long ago began to hire private security men who do the job the police once did, but only for them. Because there is no fear left in criminals for the law. How we can let live such criminals in our society unpunished?
  5. Imprisonment in India is not so tough punishment. Length of the imprisonment should be increased for all such crimes. Just keeping criminals on 2 years or so in jail doesn’t change much in them. Most of them with political connections come out on bail or again join crime full time after coming out of jail. We need drastic change in our law and order system to establish fear of law can be established between criminals. Starting point of this can be capital punishment for these rapists. They deserve it government should do whatever required to give them such punishment.

Against of Strict laws:

  1. In past 10 years we have executed only 2 people under capital punishment. Even we make such stringent law it wouldn’t change much.
  2. Rather than death penalty, swift arrest and fast-tracked trial leading to conviction alone can instill fear of law in people and deter commission of crimes, be it against women or in general.
  3. Decision to give them capital punishment because it is not the right way to deal a crime with another crime. Capital punishment itself is a judicially assisted murder. 
  4. Death penalty cannot be a deterrent unless swift and sure delivery of justice can be ensured." In 2011, no investigation was done in 36.6% of recorded instances of rape
  5. Police should get active now and administrators should empower police to act against criminals.
  6. There are many cities in our country where politicians first helped criminals to grow. And later they have to empower police to curb those criminals. And police successfully curbed crimes in many cities with political support, so real question of political willingness to curb crimes. If you use criminals, to win elections then you will never wanted to wipe them out. 
  7. Fast track special courts to deal with sexual crimes, improved justice delivery system and stringent sexual harassment laws. 
  8. The conviction rate of rape cases has dropped from 46% in 1971 to 26% in 2012.So even death penalty is there no one can confidently say that conviction will really take place.

Making only stricter laws would not establish the law and order in our country. But in such special cases government should take strict action against guilty and set an example for criminals. We cannot just let go every time by just depending on the existing system. We have to improve our system and empower administration to become a better society.

[UPDATED] MBAs should be TAXED at Higher Rates in our COUNTRY (IIMB)

MBAs should be taxed at higher rates in our country (IIMB):

in Favour

  • Management professionals, Corporates and businessmen, are earning huge amount of money so; government should tax them based on their income.
  • As well as MBAs have better knowledge of tax system so they are saving more money through tax rebate.
  • Recently USA government brought higher taxes for rich population; such laws can bring more money to government.

in Against

  • Taxation is a policy and policies are decided for masses at large. In order to avoid any discrepancy and bias rates are fixed on income and not on the basis of profession.
  • MBAs and other such professionals are paying "professional taxes". So charging them again a higher rate is not required.
  • Government should tax people based on their income.

Conclusion :
Taxation should be based on income rather than profession.

Group Discussion Skills

GD – Three Important Skills :

Skill 1: Initiation Techniques "

Initiating a GD is a high profit-high loss strategy. When you initiate a GD, you not only grab the opportunity to speak, you also grab the attention of the examiner and your fellow candidates.

If you can make a favorable first impression with your content and communication skills after you initiate a GD, it will help you sail through the discussion. But if you initiate a GD and stammer/ stutter/ quote wrong facts and figures, the damage might be irreparable.

If you initiate a GD impeccably but don't speak much after that, it gives the impression that you started the GD for the sake of starting it or getting those initial kitty of points earmarked for an initiator!

When you start a GD, you are responsible for putting it into the right perspective or framework. So initiate one only if you have in-depth knowledge about the topic at hand.

Skill 2: Body of The Group Discussion

Different techniques to initiate a GD and make a good first impressions are:

2. Definition
3. Question
4. Shock statement
5. Facts, figures and statistics
6. Short story
7. General statement

1. Quotes - are an effective way of initiating a GD.

Example: If the topic of a GD is - Should the Censor Board be abolished? you could start with a quote like, 'Hidden apples are always sweet'. Or if a topic is like, Customer is King, you could quote Sam (Wall-mart) Walton's famous saying, “There is only one boss: the customer.” And he can fire everybody in the company -- from the chairman on down, simply by spending his money somewhere else.'

2.  Definition - Start a GD by defining the topic or an important term in the topic.

Example: If the topic of the GD is Advertising is a Diplomatic Way of Telling a Lie, why not start the GD by defining advertising as, 'Any paid form of non-personal presentation and promotion of ideas, goods or services through mass media like newspapers, magazines, television or radio by an identified sponsor'?

Example: If a topic like The Malthusian Economic Prophecy is no longer relevant, you could start by explaining the definition of the Malthusian Economic Prophecy.

3. Question - Asking a question is an impact way of starting a GD.

It does not signify asking a question to any of the candidates in a GD so as to hamper the flow. It implies asking a question, and answering it yourself. Any question that might hamper the flow of a GD or insult a participant or play devil's advocate must be discouraged.

Questions that promote a flow of ideas are always appreciated. For a topic like, Should India go to war with Pakistan, you could start by asking, 'What does war bring to the people of a nation? We have had four clashes with Pakistan. The pertinent question is: what have we achieved?

4.  Shock Statement - Initiating a GD with a shocking statement is the best way to grab immediate attention and put forth your point.

Example: If a GD topic is “The Impact of Population on the Indian Economy” then you could start with, 'At the center of the Indian capital stands a population clock that ticks away relentlessly. It tracks 33 births a minute, 2,000 an hour, 48,000 a day. It calculates to about 12 million every year. That is roughly the size of Australia. As a current political slogan puts it, “Nothing's impossible when 1 billion Indians work together.”

5. Facts, figures and statistics - If you decide to initiate your GD with facts, figure and statistics then make sure to quote them accurately.
Approximation is allowed in macro level figures, but micro level figures need to be correct and accurate.

Example:  You can say, approximately 70 per cent of the Indian population stays in rural areas (macro figures, approximation allowed), but you cannot say 30 states of India instead of 28 (micro figures, no approximations).

Stating wrong facts works to your disadvantage. For a GD topic like, China, a Rising Tiger, you could start with, 'In 1983, when China was still in its initial stages of reform and opening up, China's real use of Foreign Direct Investment only stood at $636 million. China actually utilized $60 billion of FID in 2004, which is almost 100 times that of its 1983 statistics."

6. Short Story - Use a short story in a GD topic like” Attitude is Everything”

Example: This can be initiated with, 'A child once asked a balloon vendor, who was selling helium gas-filled balloons, whether a blue-colored balloon will go as high in the sky as a green-colored balloon. The balloon vendor told the child, it is not the color of the balloon but what is inside it that makes it go high.

7. General Statement - Use a general statement to put the GD in proper perspective

Example: If the topic is “Should Sonia Gandhi be the prime minister of India?”  You could start by saying, 'Before jumping to conclusions like, 'Yes, Sonia Gandhi should be', or 'No, Sonia Gandhi should not be', let's first find out the qualities one needs to be a good prime minister of India. Then we can compare these qualities with those that Mrs. Gandhi possesses. This will help us reach the conclusion in a more objective and effective manner.

Skill 3: Summarizing or Concluding

Most GD’s don’t really have conclusions. A conclusion is where the whole group decides in favor or against the topic, but every GD is summarized. You can take the opportunity to summaries what the group has discussed in the GD in a nutshell.

Keep the following points in mind while summarizing a discussion:

  • Avoid raising new points.
  • Avoid stating only your viewpoint.
  • Avoid dwelling only on one aspect of the GD.
  • Keep it brief and concise.
  • It must incorporate all the important points that came out during the GD.
  • If the examiner asks you to summaries a GD, it means the GD has come to an end.
  • Do not add anything once the GD has been summarized.


    GROUP DISCUSSION Topics for MBA :-

  1. Is India moving towards people management?
  2. Education in India – burden or opportunity?
  3. Football means to India?  
  4. IT chain puller of Indian economy.
  5. Indian Philosophy in the world?
  6. Human relations vs. Materialistic things?
  7. Globalization how real is it?
  8. Black-darkness or beam.
  9. Education vs. literacy.
  10. History spoils us or built us?
  11. Unique identification number.
  12. Is rural India strength for India?
  13. Indian agriculture system.
  14. Aviation needs good engineers or management?
  15. 2012 is rumor or reality?
  16. Business money or fame?
  17. Taxation policy (2010) savings or fascination?
  18. NGOs or Independent helping.
  19. Death of Socialism
  20. Women –burden or backbone?
  21. Kids are more careers oriented.
  22. European management system in Indian management system.
  23. Reality shows.
  24. Politics another career option?
  25. Pygmalion affects how much effective?
  26. A fool or an arrogant star?
  27. Study or extracurricular activity is the driven force to success?
  28. CCR –SLR which should be given more important?
  29. Credit card spoiling habits?
  30. Machine over man or man over machine?
  31. Movies made in Bollywood for Hollywood
  32. Models turn actors.
  33. Innovation –how much is it required?
  34. Discovery vs. invention.
  35. Spiritualism is a curtain to crime?
  36. We or you?
  37. Tranquility satisfaction or success?
  38. Prostitution excuse or intent?
  39. 2012 certain or uncertain?
  40. Sex conversion –way to reach goal or feel good factor?
  41. Theory or practical?
  42. MBA or PGDM?
  43. A fool or a competitive jerk?
  44. Dose really Placebo affects?
  45. “Avatar” a turning point.
  46. India leader or follower in 20th century?
  47. Rajneeti vs. kites.
  48. Team worker or a Leader?
  49. Davinci code.
  50. Role of IT in other managerial functions (required)?
  51. Interview or GD?
  52. Management or technology –contributed to Indian development?
  53. Blue eyes.
  54. Reason for tourism in India –business or tourist place?
  55. Decreasing defense expenditure and increasing social expenditure is the need of the hour


How to Face GD -- 6 Steps :

A group discussion consists of:

  1. Communication Skills
  2. Knowledge and ideas regarding a given subject
  3. Capability to co-ordinate and lead
  4. Exchange of thoughts
  5. Addressing the group as a whole
  6. Thorough preparations

1. Communication Skills :

The first aspect is one's power of expression. In a group discussion, a candidate has to talk effectively so that, he/she is able to convince others. For convincing, one has to speak forcefully and at the same time create an impact by his knowledge of the subject. A candidate who is successful in holding the attention of the audience creates a positive impact.

It is necessary that you should be precise and clear. As a rule evaluators do not look for the wordage produced. Your knowledge on a given subject, your precision and clarity of thought are the things that are evaluated. Irrelevant talks lead you nowhere. You should speak as much as necessary, neither more nor less. Group discussions are not debating stages.

Ability to listen is also what evaluator’s judge. They look for your ability to react on what other participants say. Hence, it is necessary that you listen carefully to others and then react or proceed to add some more points. Your behavior in the group is also put to test to judge whether you are a loner or can work in a group.

You should be able to convey your thoughts satisfactorily and convincingly before a group of people. Confidence and level headedness in doing so is necessary. These add value to your presentation. In case you are not good at it, you might gain by joining an institute that offers specialized courses in public speaking. For instance, British Council Division's English Language Teaching Centre offers a wide range of courses like conversation skills, business communication skills, business writing, negotiation skills and presentation skills. Mostly people attend these courses to improve their communication skills. Students here are involved in activities which use communication skills and teachers provide inputs, monitor and facilitate the classes. The course at the Centre makes you confident enough to speak before people without any nervousness.

2. Knowledge and Ideas Regarding a Given Subject :

Knowledge of the subject under discussion and clarity of ideas are important. Knowledge comes from consistent reading on various topics ranging from science and technology to politics. In-depth knowledge makes one confident and enthusiastic and this in turn, makes one sound convincing and confident.

3. Leadership and Coordinating Capabilities

Basic aim of a group discussion is to judge a candidate's leadership qualities. The examiner withdraws and becomes a silent spectator once the discussion starts. A candidate should display tactfulness, skill, understanding and knowledge on varied topics, enterprise, forcefulness and other leadership qualities to motivate and influence other candidates who may be almost equally competent.

4. Exchange of Thoughts

Group discussion is an exchange of thoughts and ideas among members of a group. These discussions are held for selecting personnel in organizations where there is a high level of competition. The number of participants in a group can vary between 8 and 15. Mostly a topic or a situation is given to group members who have to discuss it within 10 to 20 minutes.

The purpose is to get an idea about candidates in a short time and make assessments about their skills, which normally cannot be evaluated in an interview. These skills may be team membership, leadership skills, listening and articulation skills.

 A note is made of your contributions to the discussion, comprehension of the main idea, the rapport you strike, patience, assertion, accommodation, amenability, etc. Body language and eye contact too are important points which are to be considered.

5. Addressing the Group as a Whole

In a group discussion it is not necessary to address anyone by name. Even otherwise you may not know everyone's names. It is better to address the group as a whole.

Address the person farthest from you. If he can hear you everyone else too can. Needless to add, as for the interview, attend the group discussion in formal dress. The language used should also be formal, not the language used in normal conversations. For instance, words and phrases like "yar", "chalta hai", "CP", "I dunno", etc. are out. This is not to say you should use a high sounding, pedantic language. Avoiding both, just use formal, plain and simple language. Hinglish, (mixture of Hindi and English) should be discarded.

Confidence and coolness while presenting your viewpoint are of help. See that you do not keep repeating a point. Do not use more words than necessary. Do not be superfluous. Try to be specific. Do not exaggerate.

6. Thorough Preparation

Start making preparations for interview and group discussions right away, without waiting till the eleventh hour, this is, if and when called for them. Then the time left may not be adequate. It is important to concentrate on subject knowledge and general awareness. Hence, the prime need for thorough preparation. Remember, the competition is very tough. Only 460 candidates make it to the final list from 2.75 lakh civil service aspirants each year.

It may so happen that you are called for interviews and group discussions from three or four organizations but are not selected by any. The reason obviously lies in your not being well-prepared.

In a group discussion you may be given a topic and asked to express your views on it. Or in a case study GD, students have to read a case study and suggest ways of tackling the problem. For this you should have a good general knowledge, need to be abreast with current affairs, should regularly read newspapers and magazines. Your group behavior and communication skills are on test, i.e. how you convince the others and how clearly you are able to express your points of view. You should be articulate, generate ideas, not sound boring, should allow others to speak, and adopt a stand on a given subject. During the course of the GD this stand can even be changed, giving the impression that you are open to accommodate others' viewpoints.

Additional marks may be given for starting or concluding the discussion.

Points to Remember :

  • Knowledge is strength. A candidate with good reading habits has more chances of success. In other words, sound knowledge on different topics like politics, finance, economy, science and technology is helpful.
  • Power to convince effectively is another quality that makes you stand out among others.
  • Clarity in speech and expression is yet another essential quality.
  • If you are not sure about the topic of discussion, it is better not to initiate. Lack of knowledge or wrong approach creates a bad impression. Instead, you might adopt the wait and watch attitude. Listen attentively to others, may be you would be able to come up with a point or two later.
  • A GD is a formal occasion where slang is to be avoided.
  • A GD is not a debating stage. Participants should confine themselves to expressing their viewpoints. In the second part of the discussion candidates can exercise their choice in agreeing, disagreeing or remaining neutral.
  • Language use should be simple, direct and straight forward.
  • Don't interrupt a speaker when the session is on. Try to score by increasing your size, not by cutting others short.
  • Maintain rapport with fellow participants. Eye contact plays a major role. Non-verbal gestures, such as listening intently or nodding while appreciating someone's viewpoint speak of you positively.
  • Communicate with each and every candidate present. While speaking don't keep looking at a single member. Address the entire group in such a way that everyone feels you are speaking to him or her.

Thursday, 13 November 2014


Sample Group Discussion on


No. of participants: Anish, Benville, Chetan, Darren & Eric
Time: 20 Minutes


Hi all, I think it is not correct to consider cricket as a National Obsession. It is one game due to which all Indians are proud about. We have won 2 world cups. We should appreciate the efforts of the name of the country high.

In other sports as well, like Abhinav Bindra winning gold medal in Olympics, Indian hockey team winning 8 gold medals in past, are also highly appreciated. In 1983, when India won the world cup, the TV’s were just becoming popular.

Cricket fever was high on everyone’s head. That made it more popular than any other sport. Every Indian wants to play cricket in streets. It is in Indian blood and no media is required for cricket. Cricket is, and will be the most popular sport in India although I hope other sports also will do well.


Hi Friends, I do agree with Anish

Even I think alike that cricket hasn’t hurt any other sports. If cricket is more interesting, full of excitement, inculcating a nation patriotism feeling, then it is not the "SPORT'S" fault. I think it is just because cricket has a very interesting format and that is why it has become so popular and loved by all. It is followed as a religion and the cricketers are worshiped as God in our country. But also the fame that cricket has given to India, cannot be ignored.

Also, I would like to say that other sports have not lost their importance. Whether it is tennis, badminton or hockey they are still very popular. But yes, it is a fact that cricket is the most popular and followed by more people.


Hi! Thank you for the opportunity

I don't think cricket as a national obsession is a deterrent to other sports. Cricket has got popularity because of the legends cricket has given to us like Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev, Sachin Tendulkar, etc. Due to the achievement of these people it has become the most appreciated sports in India.

If we take an example, recently when Rajyawardhan Singh Rathore won silver in Olympics, just after that we won lots of medals in shooting. So, if we want other games to be equally appreciated, then we need some great legends in other games too.

As a whole I believe that if other sports will also produce great players then definitely they will get as much appreciation as cricket in this country.


Hi Friends,
As the topic suggests, that cricket is detriment to other sports, I quite agree with it. It is because:

1) This game is promoted by different ways of advertisements
2) Cricket sport stars are seen in most of the advertisements related to cricket or promotion of any product.
3) One of the main reasons for the game of cricket being preferred is when there is a match between India and Pakistan. And the way it is advertised on the news make cricket not only detriment to other sports but to national peace.
4) In newspapers, most of the sports page is filled with cricket news, wherever it is held.

To summarize along with cricket the Indian media too is playing the role of detriment to other sports of India.
As we all know media has the highest power today in our country, it they wish they can change the shape of sports too.


Hi Everyone,

I don’t think that cricket is a detriment to other sports. It is our people in the country who have a supportive spirit towards cricket and this is what is destructing other sports. Most people do not even know that India has teams in Hockey, Rugby, Soccer, Basketball etc.

It feels affronted extremely, to know that a huge nation like India does not support its athletes. I hope that we will recognize our athletes of all games and support them in their respective sports.


As I said mentioned earlier, according to me cricket is not at all detrimental to any other sports, it is suppressed by ourselves, we the people of the country are to be blamed.
According to me there cannot be a comparison between 2 sports. Each has its own existence, so how can cricket suppress the other sports?

It is just the matter of fact that Indian people are crazy about the cricket. So the comparison lies not in sports but in our thinking only. Few days ago, the Economic Times conducted a survey to find out who inspires the people in the field of sports and the results announced that almost –

  1.  43% people inspires with S R Tendulkar
  2. 35% people inspires with M S Dhoni
  3. 11% people inspires with S. Nehwal 
  4. 04% people inspires with Vijendra Singh
  5. 04% people inspires with A. Bindra 

This survey observed that a total of 78% people inspired by the cricketers, that shows the craziness of the people towards cricket.


Well, I personally feel that obsession with cricket is a detriment to other sports. It is all because of the way it is promoted. It is just like in the case of a movie, if a movie is hyped about, all of us go to watch it. But on the same time some epic movie just gets neglected because of poor advertisement. Also, it is not the case that there is less talent in other sports. If other sports are unable to match up to the expectations, it is only because of improper training due to lack of finances.


Well friends, I am a cricket fan & support cricket a lot but I too feel that it has come to a point where it has become detrimental to other sports. The best can check with ourselves, how many of us watch other sports played by Indian sportsmen? Of course there are few but why so few?

One strong reason could be the support & hype cricket gets through media. People not only watch the match with shear attention but also the pre and post-match shows.

The other strong reason is the investment of money either by the Government and/or, now as we can see, by the business individuals which lures young minds to have a great profession in cricket.

Lastly, I would say that the Government should definitely see to this and take necessary measures to allow other sports perpetuate.

Eric - Concludes

To conclude the discussion, I would highlight the main points that were discussed.

First: most of us agreed that the game Cricket itself is not spoiling other streams of sports bit it’s the people of our country who go crazy for its favorite sport.

Second: Media should give the similar level of exposure to other sports, as it does for cricket.

Third: Government & other sponsors, who fund Cricket big time, should do the same for other sports as well, so that they get trained and bring the same popularity as it does for cricket.


  • Confident and aware of his stance
  • Knows how to take leadership 
  • Started the discussion and paved the way throughout
  • Aware of current happenings 
  • Believes in producing proper data 
  • Strong chances of getting selected 


  • Confident but loses his stance
  • Gets drifted by others persuasive arguments
  • Believes in accepting what comes along
  • Strong analyzing power
  • Does stand a chance to get selected


  • Not very confident
  • Spoke only once in 20 mins
  • Believes in joining the bandwagon
  • Not in a habit of going through newspapers and thus not updated about sport stars.
  • Does not stand chance of selection


  • Extremely confident
  • Believes in walking down his own path
  • Very clear on his stance
  • Knows how to put across his points and views
  • High chance of selection


  • Confident
  • Aware of current happenings
  • Patriotic
  • Analytical mind
  • Does stand a chance of selection


Group Discussion :

Group Discussion! Is a methodology or in a simple language you may call it an interview process or a group activity. It is used as one of the best tools to select the prospective candidates in a comparative perspective. GD may be used by an interviewer at an organization, colleges or even at different types of management competitions.
What is Group Discussion

A GD is a methodology used by an organization to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its members. In this methodology, the group of candidates is given a topic or a situation, given a few minutes to think about the same, and then asked to discuss the topic among themselves for 15-20 minutes. brings you an elaborate section for GD as you had ever seen anywhere else. It is a very useful tool to screen the candidate’s potential as well as their skills.

GD evaluation is done by the subject experts based on the discussions. A report will be prepared on analyzing the facts at the end of the discussion.

Some of the personality traits the GD is trying to gauge may include:

  • Communication skills
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Leadership Skills
  • Motivational Skills
  • Team Building Skills
  • Analytical /Logical Skills
  • Reasoning ability
  • Different Thinking
  • Initiative
  • Assertiveness
  • Flexibility
  • Creativity
  • Ability to think on ones feet

Why GDs are implemented commonly:

The reason why institutes put you through a Group discussion and an interview, after testing your technical and conceptual skills in an exam, is to get to know you as a person and gauge how well you will fit in their institute. GD evaluates how you can function as a part of a team. As a manager or as a member of an organization you will always be working in teams. Therefore how you interact in a team becomes an important criterion for your selection. Managers have to work in a team and get best results out of teamwork. That is the reason why management institutes include GD as a component of the selection procedure.

Company's Perspective:

Companies conduct group discussion after the written test to know more about your:
  1. Interactive Skills (how good you are at communication with other people)
  2. Behavior (how open-minded are you in accepting views contrary to your own)
  3. Participation (how good an active speaker you are & your attention to the discussion)
  4. Contribution (how much importance do you give to the group objective as well as your own)

Aspects which make up a Group Discussion are:

  • Verbal Communication
  • Non-verbal behavior
  • Confirmation to norms
  • Decision making ability
  • Cooperation
Group Discussion You should try to be as true as possible to these aspects.

Does India need smaller states?

India need smaller states:

Basics :-

  • At the time of independence, India consists of 562 princely states and 11 British provinces.
  • Integration of Indian states is the result of the then Minister of Home & State Affairs, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's efforts.
  • Potti Sriramulu's death during his fast unto death for the demand of 'Andhra' state ( NOT Andhra Pradesh) made Govt. to appoint States Reorganization Commission. States Reorganization took place on linguistic basis by States Reorganization Act, 1956.
  • After further sub-divisions, India now has 29 states and 7 union territories.
  • Still there are several separate statehood demands.

Reasons for separate statehood demands :-

  • Unequal development.
  • Poor governance.
  • Negligence.
  • Perceived negligence.
  • Different Language/ culture/ ethnicity.
  • Historical reasons.
  • Located at a long distance from the administrative centre.
  • Marginalization of people based on their region.
  • Selfish motives of few politicians.

In Favor :-

  1. Decentralization and bringing the govt. closer to people enhances efficiency of governance.
  2. Problems like Naxalism can be tackled easily in smaller states because there will be more focus, if the area is small.
  3. In large states the administration may not know the needs of local people.
  4. In larger states, resource rich places may not get benefits of it's resources because the benefits may go to some other places of the same state.
  5. Administration of large states is complex.
  6. Kerala & Goa are small states and have developed very well.
  7. Jharkhand, Uttarakhand done better in reducing poverty & in improving agriculture growth rate after being separated from their parent states - Bihar & Uttar Pradesh respectively.
  8. The smaller states can support the local panchayats better than the larger states can.
  9. Cultures, languages will be preserved.
  10. Initially, when the states were reorganized on linguistic basis, there was a fear that this may lead to the secessionist tendencies. Instead, it made the unity of India stronger because everyone felt safe & secure as their aspirations were met. The same is the case with the separate statehood demands. If people are happy, there will be no threat to unity of India.

In Against :-

  1. More no. of states, the greater instability at the center.
  2. More no. of states can lead to more inter-state water disputes, power sharing and resource sharing problems.
  3. The places, which are in demand for statehood have no economic viability and hence will end up in creating more problems.
  4. Forming of new states involves a lot of expenditure on infrastructure and administration etc.
  5. If the present statehood demands are accepted, more separatist demands will start from the other places.
  6. It'll be very difficult to maintain the unity of the nation, if we keep on dividing the states.
  7. Forming of new states can't guarantee in development of the region. Rather concentrating on effective planning and efficient use of resources can solve the problems.

Conclusion :-
        It's not the problem of smaller states or larger states, it's the problem of lack of good governance. Administration must take proper care in ensuring equal development.

Tuesday, 11 November 2014


What can we do to eradicate poverty?

Points to be known:-

  • In 1991, there are 150 million Indians who claim themselves to be of the poor. In 2001, the number rises up to 230 million Indians.
  • According to UNICEF “Every 3.6 seconds one person dies of starvation”.
  • In India if the family's income is not at least $1 per day, they are considered as poor.
  1. Increase in population.
  2. Illiteracy.
  3. Unemployment.
  4. Big families.
  5. Lack of motivation.
  6. Spending their little money for drinking, smoking instead of saving.
  7. Some people cannot work. For example old aged, Some handicapped person.
  8. Natural disasters such as floods, cyclone and drought.
  9. Laziness.
  10. Some rural areas have less communication with cities due to lack of transport facilities.
  11. Instability of Govt.
  12. Corruption.
  13. Poor health.
  14. Unequal distribution of land and resources. 
  15. Gambling.
  1. Education must be free of cost in rural areas.
  2. We should motivate them to start self-employment, and to utilize their skills( Govt. is already providing free training programs to improve skills) etc.
  3. Through medical and health programs.
  4. Govt. must provide water facilities, roads in the rural areas.
  5. It's better to not encourage them to be lazy, by donating money to them. There is a saying that "The worst thing you can do to eradicate poverty is start giving the poor people free rides".
  6. Increase in number of jobs.
  7. Govt. must pass a rule for having a limit to the land owned by the family.
  8. Govt. must increase the number of training institutes in rural areas. Because “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.”
  9. Through awareness programs about reducing population. Some poor people are remaining in poverty because of more no. of children.
  10. Awareness programs about the consequences of smoking and drinking, and about saving money. Money saved is the money earned.
  11. We should not encourage child labor.
  12. Awareness programs about conserving rain water.
  13. The black money which is in swiss bank at present, must be taken by Govt. and it should be utilized for eradicating poverty.
  14. we should not encourage beggars.

                            Poverty can be be totally eradicated, if govt. and as well as we have a strong will to do so.

Women's Reservation Bill

Women's Reservation Bill

Basics :-

  • 'Women's reservation Bill' or Indian constitution's 108th amendment Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha in the year 1996 by H D Deve Gowda's United Front Govt, but was failed to pass.
  • Later, the bill was introduced in the parliament several times, but could not be passed as there was so much opposition to the bill in the Lok Sabha.
  • After several unsuccessful attempts at Lok Sabha, the bill was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in 2009. On recommendation of parliamentary standing committee on Law and justice, the bill was passed in Rajya Sabha in 2010. Since then, it is pending in the Lok Sabha.
  • This bill is seeking for reservation of 1/3rd seats for women in the Lok Sabha and in the state Assemblies. And this bill is also seeking for quota within quota in the case of SC & ST reservation in the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies. This bill reserves 1/3rd seats for women among these reserved seats.
  • This reservation will cease 15 years after the commencement of the Act.
  • Seats will be allocated in a rotational method. A constituency will be reserved only once in the three consecutive general elections. So, in 15 years every constituency will have a women representative atleast for one term. 
  • Prior to this bill, there were 73rd and 74th amendments in 1993, which allowed reservation of 1/3rd seats for women in Panchayats.

In Favor :-

  1. Empowerment in women.
  2. More political opportunities for women.
  3. There are ample chances of improvement in women's social, economic status.
  4. Women's issues will be given enough importance in the parliament and state assemblies.
  5. Having a women representative for every constituency for at least one term in the 15 years is a big step towards reducing the gender gap. 
  6. Though there are chances of misusing reservation, a large number of women, who have genuine interest to develop their constituency will be benefited.
  7. Few people argue that this bill may continue even after 15 years. But lets think practically, when equality exists really, no one will support reservations. We are striving for equality. This affirmative action is for level playing field, but not for domination.
  8. Some politicians have fear that this bill may discriminate men. But it doesn't. Because men have a wide range of opportunities already. They are socially and economically forward with high literacy rates, when compared with women. And the important thing to note here is that this bill will be applicable only for 15 years after the commencement of the Act. This is only for a short term, and is targeted towards fast paced empowerment of women.

In Against :-

  1. At present the reservation for SC & ST categories in Lok Sabha & State assemblies accounts to 22%. If this bill is passed, the total reservation will be 55%. This will decrease the chances for general category contestants.
  2. This bill benefits the women of elite groups more than the women of poor economic & social background.
  3. Because of the rotational method MPs and MLAs may not work with dedication as they don't need to win the local people to vote in favor of them in the next elections.
  4. Few minority communities may not utilize this opportunity, as most of the women in these communities are less empowered compared to others. This may lead to the sense of perceived negligence among them. 
  5. Those, who are elected through reservation and with no competition, if lack skills, the development of the constituency will be at stake.
  6. In Panchayats, few women representatives are acting as puppets in the hands of their husbands. This may repeat in the case of women's reservation in the parliament too.
  7. Reservation for lower castes was also started with the promise of abolishing it in 15 years. But it is still continuing. So, there is no guarantee that the women's reservation in parliament will cease after 15 years.

A few more points :-

  • Some politicians are saying that reservation for women in political parties serves the purpose better than the reservation in parliament.
  • Samajwadi party demanding the reservation within reservation. That means in this 1/3rd seats, it is demanding the reservation for OBC,SC & ST women.
  • This reservation must not be used by the kith and kin of the politicians, who are already in the power.
  • Reservation must not be used by more than one member of the family at a time.

Conclusion :-
        Women's reservation bill is the need of the hour. Of course this bill may be misused like any other bill. But, if this is introduced, a large no. of women will be benefited. This will empower women and can act as a level playing field.


Women Empowerment in India :

Need for women empowerment :-

  • "There is no chance of the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is not possible for a bird to fly on one wing."- Swami Vivekananda.
  • There are so many women, who are silently baring the harassment of their life partners because of the lack of education, lack of legal awareness and lack of empowerment in women.
  • When women are empowered, all the society benefits.
  • Educating women about health care promotes healthier families.
  • Even though a woman works 24/7 to raise her children and to maintain her family, she is not getting recognition for her work at least in her home.

Points to be known :-

  • Year '2001' was declared as the "women's empowerment year".

Challenges :-

  1. Female Foeticide.
  2. Dowry.
  3. Restriction on widow remarriage.
  4. Gender Bias.
  5. Neglect during childhood.
  6. Childhood marriages.
  7. Gender specific specialization at work.
  8. Cultural definition of appropriate gender roles.
  9. Belief in the inherent superiority of males.
  10. Notion of the family as the private sphere and under male control.
  11. Limited access to cash and credit.
  12. Limited employment opportunities. 
  13. Limited access to education.
  14. Right to property is still exists only for sons.
  15. Female infanticide.
  16. Poverty effects women more.
  17. India's maternal mortality is highest in South Asia.
  18. Domestic violence.
  19. Crimes against women.
  20. Honor killings.
  21. Trafficking of women.
  22. Lack of awareness of Govt. programs.

Constitutional provisions :-

  • Article 14 - Equality before law - Provides equal legal protection for women.
  • Article 15(3) - Special provisions for women.
  • Article 16 - Equal opportunities for all citizens in public employment irrespective of caste, sex, religion.
  • Article 23 - Prohibits traffic in human beings & forced labour.
  • Article 39 - The citizen, men & women equally have the right to an adequate means of livelihood.
  • Article 40 - 1/3 rd of seats in panchayats shall be reserved for women.
  • Article 42 - State shall make provisions for just and humane working conditions & maternity relief.
  • Article 44 - Uniform civil code for the citizens throughout the territory of India to safeguard women from laws of religion.
  • Article 51 A (e) - One of the duties of every citizen is to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of woman.

Government Acts :-

  1. Section 14 of the Hindu Succession Act 1956 - Property of a female Hindu to be her absolute property.
  2. Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005 - Women get equal share in the ancestral property.
  3. Dowry prohibition Act, 1961.
  4. Contract Labor Act, 1970 & Factories Act, 1948 - Women can't be employed in the night between 9pm to 6am. - Women cannot be required to work for more than 9hrs.
  5. Equal remuneration Act, 1976.
  6. The indecent representation of women (prohibition) Act, 1986.
  7. Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987.
  8. Protection of women from domestic violence Act, 2005.
  9. Maternity Benefits Act, 1961.
  10. Child marriage (prohibition) Act, 1929.
  11. Hindu marriage Act, 1955 - This act was passed to stop polygamy and bigamy.

Government Schemes and Programs :-
  • STEP (Support to training cum Employment for women) - To increase the self-reliance and autonomy of women by enhancing their productivity & enabling them to take up income generation activity.
  • SSA (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan) - For girl child education. It lead to increase in the Gender Parity Index (GPI).
  • The National literacy Mission or Saakshar Bharat - Literacy of women. Literacy is the critical instrument of women's empowerment.
  • National Rural Health Mission - Educating women on health care. It has resulted in the decline in fertility rates, Maternal mortality rates (MMR), Infant mortality rates (IMR).
  • SHG (Self Help Groups) - For economic development in women by giving micro finances.
  • GB (Gender budgeting) - Identifying the felt needs of women and re-prioritising and increasing expenditure to meet these needs.
  • NMEW (National Mission for Empowerment of Women) - To ensure economic & social empowerment of women.
  • Swayamsidha scheme - To ensures total development of women.
  • Swadhar scheme - Basic necessities to marginalized women & girls.
  • Kishori Shakti Yojana - Empowerment of adolscent girls.
  • Mahila Samridhi Yojana - For women empowerment.
  • Maternity Benefit Scheme - Payment of Rs.500/- to pregnant women for the first two births only if the woman belongs to BPL (Below Poverty Line) category. 
  • Rastriya Mahila Kosh - To provide micro loans for women.
  • Scheme for working women hostel - To promote availability of safe & conveniently located accommodation fro working women.
  • Development of women & children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)- Creation of groups of women for income generating activities on self sustaining basis.
  • SABLA - Empowerment of adolscent girls.

How can we take part :-

  1. First of all, woman must have the will to be independent & to be the best of herself, then rest of everything follows.
  2. Creating legal awareness among women about their rights.
  3. Educating women. Education makes them independent.
  4. Providing health & economic security.
  5. Skill development programs.
  6. Forming groups. Unity gives strength to everyone.
  7. And many more little things which makes significant difference and leads to the great future.

Conclusion :-
                             The Government and we, the people have responsibility towards women empowerment. And we can achieve this 'Millennium Development Goal' definitely.  One day will come, when gender inequality will only be present in the history books.

We are not serious about saving Wildlife/Environment.

We are not serious about saving Wildlife/Environment.


  • Pollution.
  • Deforestation.
  • Dumping industrial wastage in water leading to water pollution.
  • Almost everyone know how to protect environment. But only some of them are practically following.
  • Increased plastic usage.
  • Hunting.
  • Reduction of resources because of population growth.
  • Negligence of some municipality officers.
  • Usage of fertilizers having chemicals for crops.


  1. So many animal and bird species are losing their existence. Next species which is going to lose its existence is human beings.
  2. We are breathing polluted air and we are taking polluted food.
  3. New diseases.


  1. Planting trees and protecting trees, which are already there.
  2. Increase in the number of wild life sanctuaries and maintaining them properly.
  3. Afforestation. Govt. should take action on those, who are causing deforestation, hunting and smuggling.
  4. Every municipality dept. must work honestly.
  5. Spreading about the methods of water conservation and usage of natural fertilizers for crops.

            Everybody and also Govt.must have a will to save our environment. We should remember that environment is not only trees, water and air but also all animal species together makes environment.

[UPDATED] VOTING RIGHTS to illiterates in INDIA is illogical because it is widely MISUSED

Voting rights to illiterates in India is illogical because it is widely misused.

In Favor:-

  1. Illiterate people can easily mislead by some politicians, who pay for the vote.
  2. Illiterate people have more chances to be mislead by the false promises given by some political leaders.
  3. Few illiterate people don't know about voting, and some don't go for voting even if they know about it. Hence there are more chances for rigging.

In Against:-

  1. India is a democratic country. Everybody should be treated equally. So, Voting Right should be there for illiterates too.
  2. Even though they are illiterates, they can distinguish the genuine promises and false ones. After all to understand the fake promises, education isn't required.
  3. Even educated people may be mislead by false promises done by some political leaders.
  4. If there is no voting right for illiterates, they may feel as neglected and there are chances of forming anti- govt. groups which are a threat for country.

             Voting right should be there for every major as everybody has equal rights. We are all living in one society. So, they can understand what is right and what is good. But some people may be mislead. The best solution for this is to create political awareness in everyone.

Should euthanasia / mercy killing be legalized?

Should euthanasia / mercy killing be legalized

Points to be known:-

  • Euthanasia means the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or an irreversible coma.
  • Euthanasia is of two types, one is active and another is passive. Passive Euthanasia means stopping the treatment which is of no use and allowing the patient to die peacefully. Active Euthanasia means injecting the poison to make the patient die.
  • Determining Euthanasia has two cases. One is the person is able to express his willingness to die because of unbearable pain. And the second case is the patient is being in coma and unable to express his views, in that case patient's relatives and doctors have to take the decision.
  • In Netherlands, both active and passive euthanasia are legalized. In United Kingdom, only passive euthanasia is legalized. In remaining countries, it isn't legalized.
  • Earliest story of euthanasia is found in the Talmud (Avoda Zara 18). One of the ten martyrs, Rabbi Hanina ben Teradyon, was burnt at the stake holding a Torah scroll. His students stood around and said to him, “Rebbe, open your mouth. Let the flames and smoke enter your body and choke you so that you will die quicker and not suffer this terrible torture.” He said, “No. God gave me my soul. Only He should retrieve it from me.”

In Favor:-

  1. It should be allowed, if there is no hope of life and the pain is so high. And It should be decided at least two qualified doctors. 
  2. It should be legalized to the patients who are in 'persistent vegetative state' ( the state of patients who are living through ventilators and there is no ray of hope).

In Against:-

  1. Science and technology is increasing rapidly, there is a chance of inventing medicines for incurable diseases too.
  2. If euthanasia is legalized, some doctors won't think of alternatives for living.
  3. By legalizing this, many people may think as suicide is legalized. They easily go for suicide even for small difficulties.
  4. If the patient is not in a state to express his/her views, his/her relatives may choose euthanasia for him/her for their selfish reasons.

                 It should be legalized if the pain of the patient's pain is intolerable and there is no chance to survive, but with strict rules like more than two doctors conformation and the patient's family acceptance. However, Doctors should try for their life up to maximum possibility. Because Life is a gift of God. It should not be taken by us.

Should Capital punishment be banned?

Should Capital punishment be banned

Basics :-

  • Capital punishment or death penalty is imposed by state as a punishment for the criminals.
  • Use of death penalty was dropped in 140 countries. 7 countries retained it for the crimes committed in exceptional circumstances. 21 countries including India, are still using death penalty as a punishment.
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution - 'UN moratorium on the death penalty' in 2007. India voted against it.

In Favor of Capital punishment :-
  1. Capital punishment for criminals can act as message for like-minded people and instills fear in them.
  2. If the criminals are allowed in the society again, the security of citizens will be at stake.
  3. Saudi Arabia has a very low rate of crimes because it imposes death penalty and severe punishments.
  4. Values and morals must be protected by imposing maximum punishment for the criminals.
  5. The criminals, who are incapable of being reformed on't deserve to live.

In Against to Capital punishment :-
  • Basically there are four purposes of punishment - Reformation, Revenge, Protection, Deterrence.  

  • Reformation :- There will be no chance of reformation, if the death penalty is imposed.
  • Revenge :- Revenge can be taken by other alternatives of punishment not just only by death penalty. In fact death penalty will not let the criminal know the pain. Life imprisonment may fulfill this one.
  • Protection :- Society must be protected from criminals. Life imprisonment also fulfills this purpose.
  • Deterrence :-  Statistics revealed that capital punishment could not decrease the no. of crimes.

  • Capital punishment is irreversible. If the person is proved as innocent after the death penalty, there will be nothing left to be done. It happened in a significant no. of cases. Sparing the guilty person is better than taking the life of an innocent person.
  • Taking immediate action on the criminals and imposing severe punishments can act as deterrent, but not death penalty.
  • Capital punishment interprets society as violent cultured, blood thirsty and revengeful.
  • Justice will not be achieved by death penalty. Instead it will be achieved by reforming the person and giving sufficient punishment.
  • Most of the people are not aware that life imprisonment is for the lifetime and not just for 14 years. Perhaps that is why many people are demanding for death penalty for the criminals.
  • The criminals with no money and on the wrong side of law are more likely to get the capital punishment. We still don't know how many of them were actually committed crime and how many were trapped in it because of the poverty and the loopholes in the judiciary.
  • If the person is on death row, a lot of appeals and petitions need to be appealed and in Indian judicial system, it requires a lot of money. Thereby those, who can't afford it have to face the death penalty. - Again inequality and discrimination. And it'll also create a lot of pain for the criminal's family. Obviously they are also the sufferers without their mistake.
  • Indian Judiciary is not free from corruption, political power, money and muscle power. So, without eliminating these things or at least without reducing the impact of these things, death penalty for the individual crimes can't be an appropriate punishment.
  • Deciding the severity of punishment lies in the hands of the judges. There are no certain rules for deciding which cases are rarest of rare. This is a threat to democracy too. As far as this phenomenon continues, death penalty for individual crimes may not be the correct option.
  • The cost expenditure of Govt on the criminals, who are on death row is more than on the criminals, who are in life imprisonment.

Conclusion :-
        There are a lot of ethical dilemmas regarding capital punishment. In most of the cases, death penalty can be avoided. Life imprisonment is the best alternative for the capital punishment. By imposing life imprisonment, we can reform the person. Even if he is not reformed, life imprisonment can act as a severe punishment and also as a deterrent. However the criminals, who do heinous crimes and are incapable of being reformed must be given death penalty, because they don't deserve to live, not even in prison.  

Should agricultural subsidies be stopped?

Should agricultural subsidies be stopped:

Points to be known:-

  • Agricultural subsidies are the financial assistance to farmers through government-sponsored price-support programs.
  • Agricultural subsidies are started to reduce the volatility of prices for farm products and to increase, or at least stabilize, farm income.

In Favor:-

  1. It's becoming a burden for government.
  2. Agricultural subsidies distort free trade, damage the local environment.
  3. A lot of agricultural subsidies go into corn-based bio-fuels instead of fruits and vegetables. Corn-based bio-fuels are not good for environment and health.
  4. Subsidizing diesel for agriculture encourages excessive tillage and discourages to improve soil and moisture conservation.

In Against:-

  1. 60% of Indian economy is from agricultural based industries. So, we should give more importance to agriculture.
  2. It will be difficult for farmers to keep the total investment for crop. As a result farmers may change their career. It'll be a biggest disadvantage for India.
  3. Because of agricultural subsidies, the price of food products will be in control.
  4. United States and Europe countries have subsidies for agriculture. So, if India stops agricultural subsidies, then there will be a risk of importing under-priced food from these countries.
  5. Through agricultural subsidies, more numbers of fields will be utilized. So, the Indian economy increases.
  6. There are so many cases of suicide of farmers which we are seeing regularly because of lack of support from government.

                  Agricultural subsidies should not be stopped, because many farmers can't handle the burden of total investment. It'll be nice if government provide these subsidies to the farmers, who deserve it not to the rich.

[UPDATED] SOCIAL Networking Sites - BOON or BANE?

Social networking sites - Boon or Bane :

Points to be known:-

  • There is no need to say about social networking sites(SNS) to the present generation. Everyone is much aware about Facebook, Orkut etc which are the examples of social networking sites.
  • Social networking was started on the internet in the form of generalized online communities to group the people having same interests and to share their ideas.
  • The first recognizable social networking site is which was launched in 1997.
  • Till now, there are more than 200 social networking sites are in the internet.
  • In 2011, based on research, the global average of who access daily the social networking sites accounts is 46%.
  • Facebook, launched in 2004, has become the largest social networking site in the world.

In Favor:-
  1. We can keep in touch with friends in today's busy world.
  2. We can improve ourselves by sharing our ideas,information and knowledge and by discussing with the people, who have same interests, even if they are so many miles away from us.
  3. Teachers and professors are making groups to extend classroom discussion to posting assignments, tests and quizzes, to assisting with homework outside of the classroom setting.
  4. Many companies are developing interactive communities that connect individuals to share business needs & experiences.
  5. Students are making a network with professionals for job opportunities and internships.
  6. We can find our friends easily, if we lost contact.
  7. Generally social networking sites have a positive atmosphere. For example, Facebook sends notification, if they are on the top their friend's lists, but it don't send notification, if they were removed as a friend by another person. So there is a least chance for the person to know that.

In Against:-

  1. Many people are getting addicted to the social networking sites that they are preferring online conversation rather than face-to-face. It'll effect communication skills, relationships and even mental health.
  2. Some children are playing games on social networking sites with their friends, and they are not at all concentrating on the physical activities. It'll have a effect on their physical and mental health.
  3. Privacy is an important issue in the drawbacks of SNS. Some people are using other person's personal information for variety of purposes.
  4. There is a high risk for children and teenagers to be mislead by SNS.
  5. Gossips and rumors spread soon.
  6. Spending in front of computer for long hours creates so many health problems.

                                  Social networking sites are a boon in today's world. And it completely depends on us how we use them, whether to improve ourselves or to degrade. But children and teenagers must be guided by their parents and well-wishers as they don't know what is good and what is bad. And everyone, who are using SNS should take care about their personal information. Life will be great, if we spend less time on social networking sites and more time in the real world. 

[UPDATED] ROLE of UN in Peace keeping

Role of UN in Peace keeping :

Points to be known:-

  • The United Nations is an international Non-governmental organization founded on 24 October 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
  • Peacekeeping is one among a range of activities undertaken by the United Nations to maintain international peace and security throughout the world. It began in 1948 and led by the 'Department of Peacekeeping Operations' (DPKO), and works to create the conditions for lasting peace in a country, torn by conflict.
  • It has participated in 64 peacekeeping missions in total, around the world.
  • The UN played a role in bringing about independence in more than 80 countries that are now sovereign nations.
  • As of 28 February 2011, UN workforce consisted of

  1. 84,342 serving troops and military observers.
  2. 14,521 police personnel.
  3. 114 countries contributed military and police personnel.
  4. Over 5,500 international civilian personnel.
  5. Nearly 13,700 local civilian staff.
  6. 2,387 UN Volunteers.

  • The UN does not have its own military force. It depends on contributions from Member States (192).
  • There are currently 15 UN peace operations deployed in four continents.
  • There are more than 10,000 peacekeepers. Among them 118 are Indians.
  • In addition to maintaining peace and security, peacekeepers are increasingly charged with assisting in political processes, reforming judicial systems, training law enforcement and police forces, disarming and reintegrating former combatants, supporting the return of internally displaced persons and refugees. 
  • Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish are the UN official languages.
  • However, UN is facing criticism regarding corruption and abuse and some other things.

                  UN has a great effect on international peace. But, there are some arguments regarding contribution of military forces from different countries. To change the world, it need to change itself too. It's better if it has it's own military force.


Role of NGOs in India :

Points to be known:-

  • A Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) or Non-Profit Organization (NPO) is a legally constituted organization which is operated by legal persons who act independently from any government.
  • NGOs have volunteers and employees working towards ideological, rather than financial ends.
  • NGOs wok for a wide variety of causes that aims to bring about the change in the life of people for a greater cause.
  • Different NGOs work for different causes in different ways.
  • NGOs  work for increasing literacy and helping poor people to increase their quality of life, and helping the people who are attacked by environmental hazards, guiding people about their rights and for many other good causes.
  • The number of internationally operating NGOs is around 40,000.
  • In India number of national NGOs is around 3.3 million.
  • After the Independence Mahatma Gandhi made a plea for transforming the 'Indian National Congress' to 'Lok Sevak Sangh' (Public Service Organization). But this plea was not accepted. Later, Gandhi followers started voluntary agencies to work on social issues. Thereby NGOs were started in India.
  • The no. of NGOs increased in the time of 1960s as people felt that the government projects are inadequate to deal with the development of deprived sections of India.
  • In 1980 in Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985), the government identified new areas in which NGOs as new actors could participate in development. They are,

  1. Optimal utilization and development of renewable source of energy.
  2. Family welfare, health and nutrition, education.
  3. Health for all programs.
  4. Water management and soil conservation.
  5. Social welfare programs for weaker sections.
  6. Implementation of minimum needs program.
  7. Disaster preparedness and management (i.e. for earthquakes, floods, cyclones, etc).
  8. Promotion of ecology and tribal development.
  9. Environmental protection and education.

  • In the next Five year plans, a greater emphasis has been laid on the role of voluntary organizations in rural development and poverty.
  •  International NGOs started around the year 1839. It has been estimated that there were 1083 NGOs by the year 1914. But the phrase 'Non Government Organizations' only became popular when 'United Nations Organizations' was established in the year 1945.
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that all 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. The Govt and NGOs together making progress to achieve these goals. The goals are

  1. Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger,
  2. Achieving universal primary education,
  3. Promoting gender equality and empowering women
  4. Reducing child mortality rates,
  5. Improving maternal health,
  6. Combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases,
  7. Ensuring environmental sustainability, and
  8. Developing a global partnership for development.

Conclusion :-
                         The involvement of NGOs in social challenges has a great effect on developing countries. The more financial support and the more no. of volunteers will greatly help in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. 

Relevance of Gandhi in modern world.

Relevance of Gandhi in modern world:

Why Gandhi is relevant in modern world?

  • In modern world violence is increasing rapidly.
  • Nuclear weapons and terrorism are becoming common in this modern world.
  • So many people are getting more and more divided into national, religious and ethnic compartments.

                         We need guidance and the direction to save the world from this desperate situation. In this situation, Gandhi is becoming more and more relevant because of his ideology,non-violence and so many good things, which should be learned by all.

Things we should learn from Gandhiji:-

  1. Non-violence:- Gandhiji practically proved that anyone can win through non-violence.
  2. Speak truth always.
  3. Let your life be your message:- Live your life the best way you can. Improve yourself by learning from your mistakes.
  4. Do the right thing and Fear Nobody.
  5. Lead a simple, stress-free life:- Gandhiji used to ware simple dresses and simple things, which are required to live peacefully. he lead a simple and stress-free life.
  6. Learn from your mistakes.
  7. Eat simple food:- Gandhiji used to take a balanced diet and he is a pure vegetarian.
  8. Keep trying and do not lose confidence in yourself. 
  9. Equality:- Gandhiji used to say that everyone must be treated equally regardless of their place, religion, sex and money.
  10. Do not submit to injustice from anyone.
  11. Unity is strength:- Gandhiji is the leader of the masses. He used to talk with people directly and he used to say 'Let's fight together'.
  12. Be the change you wish to see in the world.
  13. Stand for an idea:- If you believe in something, just stand for that in whatever situation. 
  14. Believe in yourself.
  15. Forgive:- An eye for an eye will only make the whole world blind.
  16. Do not bear ill will toward anyone.
  17. Reduce, reuse and recycle:- “There is enough in the world for everyone’s need, but not for everyone’s greed”.
  18. Be humble, whichever position you have.
  19. Start today:- “The difference between what we do, and what we are capable of doing, would solve most of the world’s problems”.
  20. Accumulate little:- By possessing fewer things our life automatically becomes simpler.

               To the Indians, Gandhi gave a democratic nation. And to the world he showed that how the politicians should be. He practically proved that we can win without doing violence. He taught so much to the world. We should learn from Gandhiji's principles. Let's learn the good things from Gandhiji and lead a peaceful and successful Life.


Privatization will lead to less corruption:

Points to be known:-

  • Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of a business, enterprise, agency or public service from the public sector to the private sector.

In Favor:-

  1. Employees of private companies are given high salaries, so they are much more motivated to work, and less interest on corruption.
  2. Private companies take immediate action on those who take bribe. This creates fear in employees to take bribe.
  3. If we take private airports, they take more care to keep them clean and to provide more facilities.
  4. Private companies have competitive spirit. So, they offer more features to public.
  5. Through privatization, our country's GDP increases from the taxes.

In Against:-

  1. There is no guarantee that privatization leads to less corruption, because there are some companies in the news which did scam.
  2. The cost of products increases by privatization.
  3. If we take private petrol bunks, even though they keep petrol bunks clean, they charge high than the bunks under government control.
  4. Our rights of demanding decreases by privatization.

                 Corruption does not depend on whether it's private or government, it completely depends on individual's attitude. But by privatization, we can reduce corruption up to some extent.